Arboviruses are arthropod-borne viruses that can infect a wide range of vertebrate host species, including humans, other mammals, and birds
Necrotic Enteritis (NE) is an economically important poultry disease caused by a bacterium (Clostridium perfringens) that produces toxins and damages gut tissues.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of microbes to withst and the effect of antimicrobial compounds (or antibiotics).
Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent (capable of producing disease) strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease that affects poultry worldwide.
Bird flu, also known as ‘avian flu’ is an infection of birds caused by influenza viruses.