Arboviruses in Birds

Arboviruses are arthropod-borne viruses that can infect a wide range of vertebrate host species, including humans, other mammals, and birds

Necrotic Enteritis

Necrotic Enteritis (NE) is an economically important poultry disease caused by a bacterium (Clostridium perfringens) that produces toxins and damages gut tissues.

Antimicrobial Resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of microbes to withst and the effect of antimicrobial compounds (or antibiotics).

Newcastle Disease

Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent (capable of producing disease) strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease that  affects poultry worldwide.

Bird Flu

Bird flu, also known as ‘avian flu’ is an infection of birds caused by influenza viruses.